This party became the Bulgarian Communist Party in , when it affiliated to Bolshevism and the Comintern. From to , he was Secretary of the Trade Unions Federation; in during World War I he was elected to the Bulgarian Parliament and opposed the voting of a new war credit, being imprisoned until Dimitrov took charge of the revolutionary activities, and managed to resist the clampdown for a whole week.
He and the leadership fled to Yugoslavia and received a death sentence in absentia. Under various pseudonyms , he lived in the Soviet Union until , when he relocated to Germany , where he was given charge of the Central European section of the Comintern.
Dimitrov famously decided to refuse counsel and defend himself against his Nazi accusers, primarily Hermann Göring , using the trial as an opportunity to defend the ideology of communism.
Explaining why he chose to speak in his own defense, Dimitrov argued:. I admit that my tone is hard and grim.
The struggle of my life has always been hard and grim. My tone is frank and open. I am used to calling a spade a spade.
I am no lawyer appearing before this court in the mere way of his profession. I am defending myself, an accused communist. I am defending my political honor, my honor as a revolutionary.
I am defending my communist ideology, my ideals. I am defending the content and significance of my whole life.
For these reasons every word which I say in this court is a part of me, each phrase is the expression of my deep indignation against the unjust accusation, against the putting of this anti-Communist crime, the burning of the Reichstag, to the account of the Communists.
During the Leipzig Trial , Dimitrov's calm conduct of his defence and the accusations he directed at his prosecutors won him world renown.
After his fame grew in the wake of the Leipzig Trial, Dimitrov was elected to be the head of the Comintern in , just two years before the outbreak of hostilities in Spain.
In , Dimitrov returned to Bulgaria after 22 years in exile and became leader of the Communist party there. After the onset of undisguised Communist rule in , Dimitrov succeeded Kimon Georgiev as Prime Minister , while keeping his Soviet Union citizenship.
Dimitrov started negotiating with Josip Broz Tito on the creation of a Federation of the Southern Slavs , which had been underway since November between the Bulgarian and Yugoslav Communist leaderships.
The idea eventually resulted in the Bled accord , signed by Dimitrov and Tito, which called for abandoning frontier travel barriers, arranging for a future customs union, and Yugoslavia's unilateral forgiveness of Bulgarian war reparations.
The preliminary plan for the federation included the incorporation of the Blagoevgrad Region "Pirin Macedonia" into the Socialist Republic of Macedonia and the return of the Western Outlands from Serbia to Bulgaria.
However, differences soon emerged between Tito and Dimitrov with regard to both the future joint country and the Macedonian question.
Whereas Dimitrov envisaged a state where Yugoslavia and Bulgaria would be placed on an equal footing and Macedonia would be more or less attached to Bulgaria, Tito saw Bulgaria as a seventh republic in an enlarged Yugoslavia tightly ruled from Belgrade.
By January , Tito's and Dimitrov's plans had become an obstacle to Stalin's aspirations for total control over the new Eastern Bloc.
Dimitrov accepted the invitation, but Tito refused, and sent Edvard Kardelj , his close associate, instead. Despite the fallout, Yugoslavia did not reverse its position on renouncing Bulgarian war reparations, as defined in the Bled accord.
The boy died at age seven of diphtheria. Dimitrov died on 2 July in the Barvikha sanatorium near Moscow.
The rising speculations   that he had been poisoned have never been confirmed, although his health seemed to deteriorate quite abruptly.
The supporters of the poisoning theory claim that Stalin did not like the "Balkan Federation" idea of Dimitrov and his closeness with Tito. Opponents claim that Dimitrov was the most loyal "lap dog" of Stalin and Stalin did not have a real reason to kill him.
Stalin never forgot the "betrayal" of Dimitrov. However, the anti-Yugoslav anti-Titoist trials and executions of Communist leaders orchestrated by Stalin in the Eastern Bloc countries in did little to calm these suspicions.
After the fall of Communism in Bulgaria , his body was buried in Sofia's central cemetery in His mausoleum was torn down in Myrnohrad in Ukraine was named Dymytrov between and After the Skopje earthquake , Bulgaria joined the international reconstruction effort by donating funds for the construction of a high school, which opened in In order to honor the donor country's first post-World War II president, the high school was named Georgi Dimitrov, a name it still bears today.
A massive painted statue of Dimitrov survives in the centre of Place Bulgarie in Cotonou , Republic of Benin , two decades after the country abandoned Marxism-Leninism and the colossal statue of Vladimir Lenin was removed from Place Lenine.
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